Ligand-Directed Caging Enables the Control of Endogenous DNA Alkyltransferases Activity with Light inside Live Cells

The control of endogenous proteins activity with light inside live cells is helpful for the high spatiotemporal probing of their dynamic roles. Herein, we report the first small-molecule-ligand-directed caging approach to control the endogenous human O 6 -alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferases (AGT) activity with light, and the caged AGT is constructed from the native intracellular AGT.
The photo-responsive O 6 -benzylguanine derivative O 6 -NBG3 is developed to site-specifically cage the AGT’s catalytic cysteine residue, and the light irradiation on-demand restores AGT’s activity in vitro, in bacteria, and in mammalian cells. With O 6 -NBG3, the alkylated AGT is dealkylated for the first time to recover the DNA repair activity in breast cancer MCF-7 cells by the dose-dependent light irradiation. This decaging strategy enables the localized modulation of endogenous AGT activity in high temporal precision without genetic engineering, which holds great potential for therapeutic applications.

Interspecies-Extrapolated Biotic Ligand Model to Predict Arsenate Toxicity to Terrestrial Plants with Consideration of Cell Membrane Surface Electrical Potential

Arsenic is a metalloid that is highly toxic to living organisms in the environment. In this study, toxicity caused by inorganic arsenate (As(V)) to terrestrial plants, such as barley Hordeum vulgare and wheat Triticum aestivum, was predicted using the existing biotic ligand model (BLM) for bioluminescent Aliivibrio fischeri via interspecies extrapolation. Concurrently, the concept of cell plasma membrane electrical potential (Ψ0) was incorporated into the extrapolated BLM to improve the model predictability in the presence of major cations such as Ca2+. The 50% effective As(V) toxicity (EC50{HAsO42-}) to H. vulgare decreased from 45.1 ± 4.34 to 15.0 ± 2.60 µM as Ca2+ concentration increased from 0.2 to 20 mM owing to the accumulation of H2AsO4 and HAsO42- on the cell membrane surface. The extrapolated BLM, which only considered inherent sensitivity, explained well the alteration of As(V) toxicity to H. vulgare and T. aestivum by Ca2+ with in an order of magnitude, when considering a linear relationship between Ψ0 and EC50{HAsO42-}.

Development of novel potent ligands for GPR85, an orphan G protein-coupled receptor expressed in the brain

GPR85 is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor and is a super-conserved receptor expressed in the brain sub-family (Super Conserved Receptor Expressed in Brain; SREB) with GPR27 and GPR173. These three receptors are “orphan receptors”; however, their endogenous ligands have not been identified. SREB has garnered the interest of many scientists because it is expressed in the central nervous system and is evolutionarily conserved. In particular, brain mass is reported to be increased and learning and memory are improved in GPR85 knockout mice (Matsumoto et al. 2008). In this study, we characterized newly synthesized compounds using a GPR85-Gsα fusion protein and the [35 S]GTPγS binding assay and identified novel GPR85 inverse-agonists with IC50 values of approximately 1 μM.
To analyze the neurochemical character of the compounds and investigate the physiological significance of GPR85, we used cerebellar Purkinje cells expressing GPR85 and an electrophysiological technique. Based on the results, the inverse-agonist compound for GPR85 modulated potassium channel opening. Together with the results of previous gene analysis of GPR85, we expect that the development of the GPR85 ligand will provide new insights into a few types of neurological disorders.

Highly stable actinide(III) complexes supported by doubly aromatic ligands

Owing to the electron-deficient nature of boron atoms, the structures and properties of boron clusters can be enriched by doping various metal atoms, including lanthanide metal atoms. Nevertheless, the viability of actinide analogues has not been fully elucidated up to now. Here we demonstrate a series of highly stable low-valent actinide(III) boron clusters AnB7 (An = Pa, U, Np, and Pu) using first-principles calculations. The predicted global minimum structures of all the AnB7 complexes possess half-sandwich geometries with C6v symmetry and belong to MIII[B7]3--type species. In each AnB7 species, the B73- ligand possesses double aromaticity features with six delocalized π electrons and six delocalized σ electrons.
Bonding analysis shows that although there is a substantial contribution of electrostatic interaction in each cluster, covalent interaction is responsible for the stability of AnB7. All the AnB7 species show significantly high formation energies, especially for NpB7, which is in line with the stronger Np-B covalent bonds. In addition, the simulated photoelectron spectroscopy analysis confirms the high electronic stability of neutral AnB7. These results imply that these ultrastable actinide(III) complexes are accessible in the gas phase at room temperature. This work may provide a theoretical basis for the design of highly stable boron-based nanomaterials as well as preparation of low-valent actinide complexes.

Novel Derivatives of diphenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol as Ligands of Benzodiazepine Receptors; Synthesize, Binding Assay and Pharmacological Evaluation

Colloidal-ALD-Grown Hybrid Shells Nucleate via a Ligand-Precursor Complex

Colloidal atomic layer deposition (c-ALD) enables the growth of hybrid organic-inorganic oxide shells with tunable thickness at the nanometer scale around ligand-functionalized inorganic nanoparticles (NPs). This recently developed method has demonstrated improved stability of NPs and of their dispersions, a key requirement for their application. Nevertheless, the mechanism by which the inorganic shells form is still unknown, as is the nature of multiple complex interfaces between the NPs, the organic ligands functionalizing the surface, and the shell.

THPTA ligand, 500 mg

H4050 lumiprobe 500 mg 216 EUR

THPTA ligand, 100 mg

F4050 lumiprobe 100 mg 67 EUR

THPTA ligand, 1 g

I4050 lumiprobe 1 g 305 EUR

CD40 ligand protein

80R-4345 Fitzgerald 10 ug 327 EUR

Flt3 Ligand antibody

70R-FR009 Fitzgerald 50 ug 273 EUR

Flt3 Ligand antibody

70R-7181 Fitzgerald 50 ug 467 EUR

FAS ligand Antibody

AF5333 Affbiotech 200ul 304 EUR

rHu RANK-Ligand

AK8283-0002 Akron Biotech 2µg Ask for price

rHu RANK-Ligand

AK8283-0010 Akron Biotech 10µg Ask for price

rHu RANK-Ligand

AK8283-0100 Akron Biotech 100µg Ask for price

rHu RANK-Ligand

AK8283-1000 Akron Biotech 1mg Ask for price

rHu CD40 Ligand

AK9162-0010 Akron Biotech 10µg Ask for price

rHu CD40 Ligand

AK9162-0050 Akron Biotech 50µg Ask for price

rHu CD40 Ligand

AK9162-0100 Akron Biotech 100µg Ask for price

rHu CD40 Ligand

AK9162-1000 Akron Biotech 1mg Ask for price

FAS ligand Antibody

ABF5333 Lifescience Market 100 ug 438 EUR

anti-Fas Ligand

YF-PA10286 Abfrontier 50 ul 363 EUR

anti-Fas Ligand

YF-PA10287 Abfrontier 100 ul 403 EUR

anti-Fas Ligand

YF-PA10288 Abfrontier 100 ug 403 EUR

anti-Flt3 ligand

YF-PA11819 Abfrontier 50 ul 363 EUR
Here, we demonstrate that carboxylate ligands are the key element that enables the synthesis of these core-shell structures. Dynamic nuclear polarization surface-enhanced nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (DNP SENS) in combination with density functional theory (DFT) structure calculations shows that the addition of the aluminum organometallic precursor forms a ligand-precursor complex that interacts with the NP surface. This ligand-precursor complex is the first step for the nucleation of the shell and enables its further growth.