Utilization of a direct sandwich ELISA kit for rapid diagnosis of adenovirus hemorrhagic cystitis in a patient with adult T-cell leukemia

We report on a case of adenovirus hemorrhagi cystitis that developed in a 49-year-old woman during intensive chemotherapy for adult T-cell leukemia. Although rapid etiologic diagnosis is essential for the effective management of viral hemorrhagic cystitis, the isolation of adenovirus from urine is often too time-cousuming. We detected the adenovirus antigen in the patient’s urine using an Adenoclone direct sandwich ELISA kit (Cambridge Bio Science), which is commonly employed for the diagnosis of adenovirus conjunctivitis. Treatment consisted of intravenous vidarabine and bladder irrigation, which resulted in prompt clinical improvement. The Adenoclone kit was useful for the rapid etiologic diagnosis of adenovirus hemmorrhagic cystitis.

Determination of okadaic acid content of dinoflagellate cells: a comparison of the HPLC-fluorescent method and two monoclonal antibody ELISA test kits.

Total okadaic acid (okadaic acid plus methylokadaic acid) in acclimated clones of the dinoflagellates Prorocentrum hoffmannianum and P. lima was determined using the HPLC-fluorescent method, UBE ELISA test kit, and Rougier ELISA test kit. The nonokadaic acid-producing species. Amphidinium klebsii, Prorocentrum mexicanum, P. micans, P. cassubicum, and Gambierdiscus toxicus were examined using the same methods of analysis. All three methods yielded consistent results for P. hoffmannianum which produces only okadaic acid. However, results of the three methods were not consistent for P. lima which produces both okadaic acid and methylokadaic acid. The UBE ELISA demonstrated little or no cross-reactivity with methylokadaic acid; whereas, the Rougier ELISA demonstrated varying degrees of cross-reactivity with that analog. Analyses of nonokadaic acid producing-species yielded negative results, with one exception. The Rougier ELISA demonstrated reactivity with extracts of G. toxicus. Since outbreaks of DSP may be caused by okadaic acid, methylokadaic acid, or a combination of these toxins, both ELISA kits may underestimate total toxin present in toxic shellfish.

Simplified validation of the ELISA kit determination of Microcystins in surface water

The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), as a universal method for the determination of Microcystins, is of great significance for the rapid detection of Microcystins pollution. This study aimed to propose a simplified validation method for Microcystins ELISA kit by summarizing related documents and guidelines. After summarizing and clarifying from 20 validation parameters, 11 parameters were selected to simplify the validation of Microcystins ELISA kit. In addition, the acceptable range and validation details of each parameter were analyzed. The results indicated that the coefficient of determination of the Microcystin-LR standard curve was higher than 0.99. The concentration of quality control samples was within control limits.
The accuracy of spiked and proficient samples was within 70%-130%. The variability of intra-assay, inter-assay, and reproducibility was less than 11, 15 and 21%, respectively. The LOD and LLOQ were 0.002 μg/L and 0.05 μg/L, respectively. When the concentration of Microcystins exceeded 5 μg/L, it was recommended to dilute the samples to the working range before detection. The specificity was estimated with seven Microcystin analogues and three amino acids, indicating that the cross-reactivity was less than 30%. These results revealed that the ELISA kit was satisfactory for detecting Microcystins in water.

Can Procalcitonin Be Dosed in Bovine Milk Using a Commercial ELISA Kit?

The aim was to evaluate the use of a bovine procalcitonin (PCT) ELISA kit (Cusabio, China) for assessing PCT in bovine milk samples. Validation was performed by using 10 plasma and corresponding milk samples from mastitic cows. The limit of detection (LOD) was calculated. The coefficient of variation (CV%) of the readings of five plasma samples measured five times in the same plate (intra-assay) and the CV% of the same five samples read five times in three separate plates was evaluated. Parallelism was determined by serial twofold dilutions of five plasma and corresponding milk samples.
Milk samples were analyzed with and without centrifugation. Regarding plasma PCT, the method presented an inter- and intra-CV < 23.7% and parallelism had very good recovery values. The ELISA kit studied can measure bovine plasma PCT concentrations. The kit antibodies fail in binding PCT in milk samples because all centrifuged milk samples showed a lower LOD than blank samples. Only three uncentrifuged milk samples showed measurable PCT concentrations. Due to these results, the commercial ELISA kit investigated could not be employed for the detection of PCT in milk samples.